Thyroid Surgery -A thyroidectomy is an operation that involves the surgical removal of all or part of the thyroid gland. Your thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of your neck. It produces hormones that control every aspect of your metabolism, from your heart rate to how quickly you burn calories.
Thyroidectomy is used to treat thyroid disorders, such as cancer, noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid (goiter) and overactive thyroid. How much of your thyroid gland is removed during thyroidectomy depends on the reason for surgery. If you need only part of your thyroid removed, your thyroid may work normally after surgery. If your entire thyroid is removed, you need daily treatment with thyroid hormone to replace your thyroid's natural function.Reasons for Surgery
- Noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid
- Thyroid Cancer
- Overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism)
- Indeterminate or suspicious thyroid nodules